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   JESUS CHRIST (c 6-4 BC - c 30 AD)

also called Jesus of Nazareth, is the central figure in Christianity. According to the New Testament he was the Son of God who served a ministry in Galilee and Judaea and was ultimately crucified in Jerusalem by order of the Roman governor Pontius Pilate, before rising from the dead three days later. Jesus is a controversial figure about whom there are many points of view.
 

 
 
 
   GIORDANO BRUNO (1548-1600)

In 1591 he accepted an invitation to live in Venice. Here he was arrested by the Inquisition and tried. After he had recanted, Bruno was sent to Rome, in 1592, for another trial. For eight years he was kept imprisoned and interrogated periodically. When, in the end, he refused to recant, he was declared a heretic and burned at the stake. It is often maintained that Bruno was executed because of his Copernicanism and his belief in the infinity of inhabited worlds. In fact, we do not know the exact grounds on which he was declared a heretic because his file is missing from the records. Scientists such as Galileo and Johannes Kepler were not sympathetic to Bruno in their writings.
 

 
 
 
   JAN PALACH (1948-1969)

At around four o'clock he stood at the ramp of the National Museum, at the top of Wenceslas Square, poured gasoline over himself and lit himself on fire. He ran burning across the intersection toward a grocery store, and fell by the road. A transport worker threw his coat over him. According to witnesses, Palach was still conscious. He was taken by ambulance to the department for burn victims on Legerova Street. Eighty-five percent of his body was covered with serious burns, the majority of them third-degree. He lived another three days and died on January 19, 1969. His funeral took place on January 25 in Prague. It was a grave and silently expressed universal dissent with the occupation of the country.
 

 
 
 
   L'ENFER C'EST LES AUTRES (Hell is having to deal with the others)

When Inez tells him that Estelle is just agreeing with him so she can be with a man, Garcin tries to escape. The door suddenly opens, but he is unable to leave. He says that he will not be saved until Inez has faith in him. She refuses, promising to make him miserable forever. Forgetting that they are all dead, Estelle unsuccessfully tries to kill Inez, stabbing her repeatedly. Shocked at the absurdity of his fate, Garcin concludes, "hell is other people."
 

 
 
 
   HIROSHIMA

Hiroshima (Hepburn) (Japanese: -shi, Kunrei-shiki: Hirosima) is the capital of Hiroshima prefecture, and the largest city in the Chugoku region of western Japan. It is best known throughout the world as the first city in history subjected to nuclear warfare.
 

 
 
 
   TORREY CANYON

At 08:50 on March 18, 1967, the crude-oil tanker Torrey Canyon ran aground on the Seven Stones Reef (50°02N, 6°07E) at the western entrance to the English Channel—eighteen miles west of Land's End and eight miles south of the Scilly Isles. At the time of the grounding, the ship was between the Scillies and Seven Stones, though common practice (and sense) dictated that ships pass either west of the Scillies or east of the Seven Stones.
 

 
 
 
   PROMETHEUS

Prometheus, in Greek mythology, one of the Titans, known as the friend and benefactor of humanity, the son of the Titan Iapetus by the sea nymph Clymene or the Titaness Themis. Prometheus and his brother Epimetheus were given the task of creating humanity and providing humans and all the animals on earth with the endowments they would need to survive.
 

 
 
 
   ICARUS

Daedalus conceived to escape from the Labyrinth with Icarus from Crete by constructing wings and then flying to safety. He built the wings from feathers and wax, and before the two set off he warned Icarus not to fly too low lest his wings touch the waves and get wet, and not too high lest the sun melt the wax. But the young Icarus, overwhelmed by the thrill of flying, did not heed his father's warning, and flew too close to the sun whereupon the wax in his wings melted and he fell into the sea. Daedalus escaped to Sicily and Icarus' body was carried ashore by the current to an island then without a name. Heracles came across the body and recognized it, giving it burial where today there still stands a small rock promontory jutting out into the Aegean Sea, and naming the island and the sea around it after the fallen Icarus.
 

 
 
 
   DIONYSOS

The god of wine and gaiety, Dionysos was the son of Zeus and Semele, a daughter of King Kadmos of Thebes, and his birth was frowned upon by Hera, who, angry at this rival to her husband's affections, disguised herself and proceeded to Thebes, where she met and falsely befriended Semele, encouraging her to ask that Zeus should appear before her (Semele) in all his great majesty as god of thunder.
 

 
 
 
   SUPERNOVA

A supernova is a stellar explosion which appears to result in the creation of a new star upon the celestial sphere. ("Nova" is Latin for "new"). The "super" prefix distinguishes this from a nova, which also involves a star increasing in brightness, though to a lesser extent and through a different mechanism.
 

 
 
 
   ASPHYXIA

Asphyxia is a condition of severe lack of oxygen supplied to the body. In the absence of remedial action it will very rapidly lead to unconsciousness and death. Asphyxia is the same as suffocation and anoxia. Asphyxiation is the act of causing asphyxia, usually by suffocation. Asphyxia in humans is a medical emergency.
 

 
 
 
   SCHIZOPHRENIA

Schizophrenia is a psychiatric diagnosis denoting a persistent, often chronic, mental illness variously affecting behaviour, thinking, and emotion. The term schizophrenia comes from the Greek words schizo (split or divide) and frenos (mind) and is best translated "shattered mind". Schizophrenia is most commonly characterised by both 'positive symptoms' (those additional to normal experience and behaviour) and negative symptoms (the lack or decline in normal experience or behaviour). Positive symptoms are grouped under the umbrella term psychosis and typically include delusions, hallucinations, and thought disorder.
 

 
 
 
   APOCALYPSE (The end of the world)

In English, the word apocalypse now commonly refers to the end of the world. The current meaning may be an ellipsis of the phrase apokalupsis eschaton (apocalyptic eschatology), meaning "revelation of knowledge of the end of time". This ellipsis in common usage echoes the ellipsis in the title of the last book of the Bible, Book of Revelation, which is commonly interpreted as prophesying the end of the world in graphic detail.
 

 
 
 

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